|Known aliases||Wesley Earl Craven|
|Born|| 2 August 1939|
|Died|| August 30, 2015 (aged 76)|
Los Angeles, California
Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939-August 30, 2015) was an American film director and writer, perhaps best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the iconic Freddy Krueger character.
Early lifeEditCraven was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Caroline (née Miller) and Paul Craven. He had a strict Baptist upbringing. Craven earned an undergraduate degree in writing and psychology from Wheaton College in Illinois, and a masters degree in writing seminars from Johns Hopkins University. Prior to landing his first job in the film industry as a sound editor for a post-production company in New York, Craven briefly taught English at Westminster College and was a humanities professor at Clarkson University. With now ex-wife Bobby Chappel, he is the father of Jonathan and Jessica Craven. Jonathan is a writer and director with a few credits to his name. Jessica is a singer/songwriter in the group the Chapin Sisters.
Directing and writing careerEdit
Craven's works tend to share a common exploration of the nature of reality. A Nightmare on Elm Street, for example, dealt with the consequences of dreams in real life. Wes Craven's New Nightmare "brushes against" (but doesn't quite break) the fourth wall by having actress Heather Langenkamp play herself as she is haunted by the villain of the film in which she once starred. At one point in the film, we see on Wes Craven's word processor a script he has written, which includes the exact conversation he just had with Heather — as if the script is being written as the action is unfolding. The Serpent and the Rainbow portrays a man who cannot distinguish between nightmarish visions and reality. In Scream, the characters frequently reference horror films similar to their situations, and at one point Billy Loomis tells his girlfriend that life is just a big movie. This concept was emphasized in the sequels, as copycat stalkers reenact the events of a new film about the Woodsboro killings occurring in Scream. Craven was also set to direct Beetlejuice but dropped out to co-write and executive produce the third outing for Freddy Krueger. He says that he got the idea for "the" Elm Street by living next to a graveyard on Elm Street in his home town of Wheaton, Illinois.
Awards and nominationsEdit
During his career, Wes Craven won eight awards and received three nominations. He did well in the box office, since he was known for his thriller films. For the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA, he was nominated an award for Best Director in 1997 for his hit film Scream.
In 1992, Brussels International Festival of Fantasy Film gave him the Pegasus Audience Award for the thriller The People Under the Stairs. For Fantasporto, he won and was nominated for the International Fantasy Film Award for Best Screenplay and Best Film for New Nightmare, the final A Nightmare on Elm Street movie. He was also nominated for Best Film for the movie Shocker in 1990.
The Gérardmer Film Festival granted him the Grand Prize in '97, for the movie Scream.
In 1977, he won the 'Prize of the International Critics' Jury' in the "Sitges - Catalonian International Film Festival" for his film The Hills Have Eyes.
Completing his Nightmare TrilogyEdit
Though there have been seven different Nightmare on Elm Street films (nine if one includes the crossover Freddy vs. Jason as well as the 2009 remake), only two have been directed by Craven himself. He has said in several interviews and discussions that he considers only his two films to be accurate depictions of his creation. For years it has been rumored that he would make one more film, essentially completing his trilogy.
On August 30th of 2015, Craven sadly passed away at age 76 from brain cancer and is currently being celebrated in a slew of tributes.
|The Last House on the Left||1972||Director/writer|
|The Hills Have Eyes||1977|
|A Nightmare on Elm Street||1984|
|The Hills Have Eyes Part II||1985|
|A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors||1987||Executive producer/writer|
|The Serpent and the Rainbow||1988||Director|
|The People Under the Stairs||1991||Director/executive producer/writer|
|Wes Craven's New Nightmare||1994|
|Vampire in Brooklyn||Director|
|Dracula 2000||Executive producer|
|Dracula II: Ascension||2003||Producer|
|Dracula III: Legacy||Producer|
|The Hills Have Eyes||Producer|
|The Breed||Executive producer|
|The Hills Have Eyes 2||2007||Producer/writer|
|The Last House on the Left||2009||Producer|
|My Soul to Take||2010||Director/producer/writer|
|The Girl in the Photographs||2015||Producer|
- Wes craven's son Jonathan Craven followed in his father's footsteps in the horror filming industry.